After celebration in Sudan, a warning

The Associated Press

JUBA, South Sudan — A day after the jubilation of South Sudan’s independence proclamation, the U.S. ambassador to the U.N. warned Sunday of a “real risk” that the north-south peace process could unravel unless outstanding issues such as oil and border demarcations are quickly resolved.

Celebrations rang out Saturday in the South Sudan capital of Juba, the first day of independence after decades of civil war between Sudan’s north and south. Some 2 million people died in the most recent war, from 1983-2005.

On Sunday, the capital appeared hungover from its massive celebration, though small groups of people still sang and danced on street corners. The new country’s national anthem played from speakers.

The joy of independence day temporarily overshadowed the ongoing hostilities between the northern army and southern-allied forces in the northern state of South Kordofan and other violence along the north-south border. The south and north have yet to agree on a demarcated border, and the issue of oil remains contentious. The south has most of the oil but it must move it through the north’s pipes.

Dozens of world leaders joined a crowd tens of thousands strong in Juba on Saturday. The American delegation was led by Susan Rice, who told The Associated Press in a phone interview on Sunday that the U.S. government remains “focused on the urgency of resolving” the outstanding north-south issues.

Rice said the U.S. government would remain “very actively involved” in supporting negotiations between Khartoum and Juba. U.S. officials say they hope the talks will restart in the next week in a process led by an African Union panel.

“As wonderful a day as yesterday [Saturday] was … we are mindful that even as those presidents pledge a commitment to peaceful and cooperative relations, that these issues are such that in the absence of resolution there is a risk of things beginning to disintegrate,” she added.

Sudan President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted for war crimes for his role in the conflict in Sudan’s western region of Darfur, attended Saturday’s ceremony and appealed for the two nations to work to “overcome the bitterness of the past.”

Rice dismissed the possibility of U.S. military intervention in South Kordofan, where northern aerial bombardments have driven tens of thousands of black Africans from the Nuba ethnic group into caves for protection from the raids.